Empowering Students in Disaster Risk Reduction (Presentation in Impact and Dissemination Seminar for the International Training Programme on Child Right, Classroom, and School Management at Phnom Penh Cambodia, 7-12 February 2016)
M Amin Sunarhadi, Mauly Halwat Hikmat, Agus Supriyadi
Empowering Students in Disaster Risk Reduction refers to the participation of the students in disaster preparedness. The theme was promoted by FKIP-UMS's theme, "Empowering Students in Disaster Risk Reduction: A CRC Project At Muhammadiyah 1 Senior High School Klaten. This DRR project is focused on empowering students in DRR and was conducted at Muhammadiyah I Senior High School in Klaten, Central Java. The students are empowered by improving their participation in DRR. There are three specific objectives: (1) Providing students with the knowledge of disaster; (2) Involving students in disaster preparedness and socializing the knowledge and disaster preparedness to other students and community, and; (3) Integrating DRR knowledge in the curriculum.
This school has experienced the effects of Merapi eruptions many times including some earthquakes caused by the eruptions. Dealing with the disasters in this region, the actions given so far are those needed to help the casualties of the disasters. The local government quickly responds the disaster by some fast-responsive programs including some trauma-recovery programs for children. In this case, the government has paid their attention to the child rights to get recovery from disaster effects, as response in post disaster. CRC as approach should be involved in disaster risk reduction by providing some knowledge and training especially for children and their teachers.
Before the project, initial evaluation of disaster preparedness of this school was categorized into low- prepared. The project had successfully provided teachers and students with adequate knowledge about disaster and how students participate to cope with disaster and mitigation of the disaster effects. The level of students' disaster preparedness have changed to prepared level after the implementation of DRR project.
Level of student's participation was increasing to level 6 of Sherry Arnstein's Ladder. Change agents had the initial idea but students were involved in every step of the planning and implementation. Not only were their views considered, but they were also involved in taking the decisions. Students also educated the parents and community about disaster risk reduction as community development activities. These give the impact not only to teachers-students relation in school but also school-community relation.
The project also changed and modified the existing material of disaster risk reduction which was too complex for the participants into a simpler one, that is, a booklet. Firstly, the teachers and students were not happy with the book lay out because it seemed not interesting and too serious. Considering the response, CRC team modified and simplified the book in booklet form. The teachers and the students were happy with the changes and the materials were accepted. This change gave opportunity to make communication easier than before to students and also teacher.
This project is now being adopted by 40 other schools, based on the priority of Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah (Disaster Management Board), in the neighborhood both public and private schools. The partner school-being a lab school of FKIP UMS-has been nominated as a model of Sekolah Aman (Safe School) by BPPD, Sekolah Adiwiyata (Environment-Friendly School or Eco School) by the local (regency) government. In addition, child rights values have also been adopted by the Geography Education Department of FKIP UMS to be integrated into the curriculum as a separate subject entitled Disaster Response Standard (2 credit hours).